POST-SURGICAL CONCERNS: Contact your veterinarian immediately if you notice:
- Discharge or bleeding or excessive swelling or redness at the surgical site.
- Removal of internal sutures or “gaping” of the incision.
- Depression, lethargy, vomiting AFTER the first day home.
CPR For Cats & Dogs
This information is included as a public service. You agree that you use its material at your own risk.
- CPR – Caridopulmonary resuscitation – is an attempt to supply blood flow and oxygen to the tissues of the body when normal respiration and/or heart function have failed. Time is critical as irreversible tissue damage occurs within 2-4 minutes of respiratory or circulatory arrest. Signs of cardiac arrest include unconsciousness, cessation of breathing, pale to grey-white gums, dilated pupils.
- CPR for cats and dogs is similar to CPR for humans. These directions assume the animal is unconscious and the risk of being bitten by the animal is not present.
WORK QUICKLY, METHODICALLY AND CALMLY.
- If your animal becomes unconscious, respiratory arrest may occur, and usually occurs before cardiac arrest. The heart may continue to beat for several minutes after the breathing stops. Artificial respiration, or rescue breathing, must begin immediately to save your animal’s life.
- If the heart stops, chest compressions must be given right away to keep the blood pumping. Artificial respiration and chest compressions given together are called cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR.
RESCUE BREATHING OR ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION:(Performed when there is no breathing)
- If your animal has gone into respiratory arrest, begin Rescue Breathing (artificial respiration) immediately.
1. Lay your animal on his side on a flat surface.
2. Be sure your animal has stopped breathing: watch for the rise and fall of the chest, feel for breath on your hand, look at the gums – – they will turn blue from lack of oxygen.
3. Check the airway – it must be clear. Open the mouth and look for a foreign object or mucus. If an object is blocking the airway, grab the tongue and pull it outward. If this does not dislodge the object, use your fingers, pliers, or tongs to grasp it. If the object cannot be reached or pulled out, use the Heimlich maneuver.
4. Once the airway is clear, begin rescue breathing.
5. With your animal on his side, lift the chin to straighten out his throat.
6. Use one hand to grasp the muzzle and hold the mouth shut.
7. Put your mouth completely over the nose and blow gently; the chest should expand. Blow just enough to move his chest (blow harder for large dogs, gently for cats and small dogs).
8. Wait for the air to leave the lungs before breathing again.
9. Continue giving 20 breaths per minute (one breath every three seconds) until your animal breathes on his own or as long as the heart beats.
10. Continue to monitor the heartbeat.
CPR: (PERFORMED WHEN THERE IS NO HEARTBEAT):
- If your dog’s heart has stopped beating, CPR must begin immediately.
- It is best to have TWO PEOPLE performing CPR – – one continuing artificial respiration while the other does chest compressions.
- Follow the instructions for artificial respiration, alternating with chest compressions.
- For two people performing CPR, alternate one breath with three compressions.
- For one person performing CPR, alternate one breath with five compressions.
FOR SMALL ANIMALS UNDER 30 POUNDS:
- Lay your animal on his side on a flat surface.
- Place the palm of your hand on the rib cage over the heart. Place your other hand on top of the first. (For puppies and kittens, put your thumb on one side of the chest and the rest of your fingers on the other side.)
- Compress the chest about one inch. Squeeze and release rhythmically at a rate of 80 to 100 compressions per minute.
- Continue CPR and Rescue Breathing until your animal breathes on his own and has a steady heartbeat.
FOR MEDIUM AND LARGE DOGS OVER 30 POUNDS:
- Lay your dog on his side on a flat surface.
- Place one hand on top of the other over the widest portion of the rib cage, not over the heart.
- Keeping your arms straight, push down on the rib cage. Compress the chest 1/4 of its width. Squeeze and release rhythmically at a rate of 80 compressions per minute.
Continue CPR and Rescue Breathing until your dog breathes on his own and has a steady heartbeat
Recommended Local Vets
- The Cat Hospital of Durham & Chapel Hill: 919-489-5142; 5319 New Hope Commons Dr, Suite 102B
- Colony Park Animal Hospital: 919-489-9156; 3102 Sandy Creek Dr
- Cornwallis Road Animal Hospital: 919-489-9194; 206 W. Cornwallis Rd
- Northpaw Animal Hospital: 919-471-1471; 5106 Guess Rd
- New Hope Animal Hospital: 919-490-2000; 5016 Durham Chapel Hill Blvd
- Carrboro Plaza Veterinary Clinic: 919-929-0031
- Hillsborough Veterinary Clinic: 919-732-9969; 301 Meadowland Dr. Hillsborough, NC 27278
- Dixie Trail Animal Hospital: 919-781-5977; 3044 Medlin Dr. Raleigh, NC 27607
- Falls Village Veterinary Hospital: 919-847-0141; 7005 Harps Mill Rd. Raleigh, NC 27615
- Oberlin Animal Hospital: 919-832-3107; 1216 Oberlin Rd. Raleigh, NC 27858
Low Cost Voucher Vet Programs
- SNAP: Spay Neuter Assistance Program of North Carolina; 919-783-SNAP (7627) www.snap-nc.org. The SNAP mobile vet clinic travels around central NC in a 1-hour radius from Raleigh. SNAP comes to Durham, Pittsboro, Wake County every month.
- CMSN: Carolina Mobile Spay Neuter; http://www.carolinamobilespay.com; 919-906-SPAY (7729). They function the same as SNAP above. CMSN also does routine exams and vaccines without surgery.
- NRVC: OCAPS, 919-304-2337 — NICK’S ROAD VETERINARY CLINIC of Orange County Animal Protection Society: Spay/neuter surgery. Heartworm treatment is available. Free spay/neuter for pit bull or pit bull mixes!
- S.A.F.E. HAVEN FOR CATS: 919-872-1128; http://www.safehavenforcats.org
- APS of Durham County: Animal Protection Society of Durham County; 919- 560-0640; http://www.apsofdurham.org/
- Wake County SPCA: 919-772-3203
Emergency Vet Funds For Your Pet
- United Animal Nations, California (dogs and cats): 916-429-2457; LifeLine Rescue program helps homeless or recently rescued animals suffering from life-threatening conditions that require specific and immediate emergency veterinary care.
- LifeLine Rescue Grant: A rescued animal is one that has been taken from a life-threatening situation within one month. The typical grant is $150. In certain cases, LifeLine is able to help animals who already have a responsible guardian, and who have a life-threatening condition that requires specific and immediate emergency veterinary care. These situations mainly involve low/fixed-income senior citizen animal caregivers. The typical grant is $100. Read eligibility guidelines here.
- Ashley’s Angel Fund, Raleigh (dogs): Special fund for dog owners who can’t afford the catastrophic surgery for their dog. [email protected]; http://ashleyfund.org/
- Must be someone’s pet, not a rescue dog.
- Ashley’s Angel Fund is an amazing organization that helps NC pet owners with surgeries so they can keep their pets. We have referred many people to them who said they were a huge help. Also, many vets will do payment plans or work with people so they can save their animals.
- FVEAP (Cats only): Helps with feline veterinary emergency bills in USA; www.fveap.org